simphonie (s.xii2/4)

Browse the Dictionary


Search Results

Your search results will appear here.

simphonie (s.xii2/4)


[FEW: 12,488b symphonia; Gdf: 2,133b cifoine /2,133b cifonie; GdfC: 10,733c symphonie; TL: 9,643 sifoine /9,643 sifonie; DEAF:  sifoine / sifonie; DMF:  symphonie; TLF:  symphonie; OED:  symphan n. / symphonia n.2 / symphony n.; MED:  simphan(e n. / simphonie n.; DMLBS: 3348a symphonia]
simphoni,  sinphonie,  siphnonie,  symphoine,  symphan ii 144  

Merrilees notes (Set Dormants, p.87, n .1651) ‘... the sense of ‘hurdy-gurdy’ is well documented by historians of musical instruments: see Curt Sachs, The History of Musical Instruments (New York, 1940), pp. 271-73 and Werner Bachmann, The Origins of Bowing and the development of bowed instrumentship to the thirteenth century (London, 1969), pp. 105-11. The instrument was originally known as an organistrum, but the term symphonia became common from the twelfth century.’ The plant is identified as henbane by the DMBLS and the OED, but as hellebore in the FEW, DMF and T-L.


1soundmusicmusic, concordant sound
( MS: 1307-25 )  Idunc serrunt les voiz oi[e]z En semblant de symphoni[e]  291.236
2musicmusical instrument, e.g. bagpipe or hurdy-gurdy
( 1155; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Mult peussiez oir chançuns, Rotruenges e novels suns, Vieleures, lais et notes, [...] Symphonie, psalteriuns, Monacordes  10551
( s.xii2/4; MS: s.xiiiex )  gige, manacorde, harpe, siphonie (var. simphonie  (D) MS: s.xiiiM )  86.95
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Cil porte gige, cil simphonie  1651
3bot.henbane, Hyoscymus niger
( c.1245; MS: c.1245 )  Pernez une herbe que est apelé simphonie  117
( s.xiii2; MS: c.1400 )  gallice canele vel sinphonie  30
( MS: s.xv )  Pernez une herbe qe est apelé simphonie  164.E518
( s.xiii2; MS: c.1400 )  Simphoniaca, [...], gallice simphonie, anglice hennebane  173
sephoine  suffoir#1 
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.