romance1 (s.xiii3/4)

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romance1 (s.xiii3/4)


[ FEW: 10,454a romanice; Gdf: ; GdfC: 10,587a romance; TL: ; DEAF:  romanz (romance); DMF:  romance; TLF:  romance; OED:  romance n. and a.1; MED:  romaunce n.; DMLBS: 2850c romancia ]
rimance;  romaunce,  romauncz;  rymance  

Although from an etymological perspective romanz and romance1 are two separate words (from, respectively, roman + us and roman + tia), the almost complete semantic overlap between the two, together with a potential for orthographic confusion, suggests that medieval users probably did not distinguish them.

The unetymological rim/rym- variant spellings may reflect an influence of rimer (‘to rhyme’). However, the evidence of the attestations does not warrant the creation of a separate, and otherwise unattested, *rimance (‘a rhymed composition’) entry.


1literaturelang.text or translation in the vernacular, French
( s.xiii2; MS: s.xivin )  De chaunter avoit en eus En l’ounour la pucele Une anth[i]ene douce et bele Dount le romance vous dirrai Si proprement come jeo sai: ‘Moltz est faite suef et bele [....]’  p.45
( s.xiii2; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  Car tut soit le romaunce ci petit, En latyn est mult grant escrit  61
2literaturelang.romance, heroic narrative written in the vernacular, French
( s.xiii3/4; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  Qe me temoyne Flur e Florye en lour romauncz  52.89
( 1397 )  Item, un large livre en fraunceis appellez le Romance de Launcelot [...] Item un veil livre rumpuz de fraunceis de rymances  301
( 1397 )  un livre de mesne volum de la Rimance de la Rose  300
romain#1  romaine#1  romancer  romançour  Romanie#1  romanz  romanzi  romeny  Romescot 
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.