roiler1 (1155)

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roiler1 (1155)


[ FEW: 10,506b *roticulare; Gdf: 7,271b roeillier; GdfC: ; TL: 8,1373 röeillier; DEAF:  röeillier; DMF:  roeillier; TLF: ; OED:  roil v.2; MED:  roilen v.1; DMLBS: ]
roeler,  roiller,  roillier;  rouiller,  roulir,  royler,  royller;  ruiller,  ruuller  

Despite a different etymology and semantic field, some spelling variants (roeler and roulir) suggest some mixing with roeler1 (‘to roll,’ from rotella) and rouler1(‘to roll out’, from *rotulare). Russel’s emendation in S Edm Life ants 4655 from 'des oils roile' to 'ses oils rëoine', for the sake of rhyme with moine, seems improbable, producing an otherwise unattested spelling of roigner (‘to cut, trim’) and proposing a new but unlikely and unetymological figurative sense of ‘to scowl, squint’ for that verb. The original manuscript reading is therefore retained in this entry.


roiler (les) oils
1to roll one’s eyes (as an expression of strong emotion or madness)
( 1155; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Dunc les veissez [...] Nés froncir e fronz suer, Faces nercir, oilz roiller [...]  1135
( s.xiiex; MS: c.1335 )  Les oils sur ly forment roylla  373
( s.xiiiin; MS: c.1300 )  Forment vers moi s'en aira E par mal les oilz ruulla  2814
( s.xiii1/3; MS: s.xiiim )  Se une feiz par mal vus regardast, E ses oilz ferment sur vus ruillast  8214
( s.xivin; MS: c.1335 )  Le roy rouly les oyls mou[t] ferement, e dit qu’il se vengereit de tels malfesours  20.37
( c.1305; MS: c.1330 )  Il va roylant les euz e hochant la teste  233


roiler des oils
1to roll one’s eyes (as an expression of strong emotion or madness)
( 1160-74; MS: s.xiiiin )  Le mandement le roi tint le duc a merveille, Mout roille dez ex et le cors estendeille  i 105.2725
( 1190-93; MS: s.xiv1 )  Quant ly felun rei ceo oy, Frunchi del frunt, les denz croissi, Juinst des surcils, ses oilz reoine  (ms. des oilz roile), Plus devint leid ke frog a moine  4655 (MS)
( s.xiiiex; MS: c.1300 )  les jugelours au dyable, ke ne sevunt servir de nule autre chose fors de [...] bestorner lour louthes (l. [b]ouches) a tort e de oiz roillier  42.19


1(the action of) rolling one’s eyes (as an expression of strong emotion or madness)
( c.1250; MS: s.xv1 )  Il i a cluner e recleer, Roiller, lenter e gweniller [...] Et li feel roille ses oils Que venger se voilt par corouz  1098+ (B 13)
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.