rainder (s.xiii3/4)

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rainder (s.xiii3/4)


[ FEW: ; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: ; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  reindeer n.; MED:  reinder; DMLBS: ]

The English word reindeer n. is a combination of Old English hran followed by a tautological deer, with the compound itself first attested c.1440. This Anglo-Norman attestation would antedate the word to almost a century earlier.

This passage in Livre de Regions translates Trevisa’s ‘þere ben eendeles many bestes of divers kynde, as beers, hertes, capriole, tragillaphi, bubali and bysontes’, with the word rainders representing Middle English bysontes, i.e. MED biso(u)nt n., ‘the European bison’.


1zool.mammalsreindeer, Rangifer tarandus (?)
( s.xiii3/4; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Iloec =Bohemia ad mainte beste sauvage de diverse nature, sicum urs, cerfs, senglers, chevrilz, bugles e rainders  17
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.