[poliseur] (s.xiv1/3)

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[poliseur] (s.xiv1/3)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,127a polire; Gdf: ; GdfC: 10,372a polisseur; TL: 7,1379 polisseur; DEAF:  polir (polisseor); DMF:  polisseur; TLF:  polisseur; OED:  polisher n.; MED: ; DMLBS: 2332b polisor /2333a politor ]
pollichier,  polysshere  

The citation from Building (accounts for St. Stephen’s Chapel at Westminster) may also be interpreted as Middle English, but provides an attestation (1331) which predates the earliest English use by two centuries (1532).

The sense ‘thumb’ is not attested elsewhere, but a metonymic interpretation of the thumb as a ‘polisher’ does not seem out of the question. Alternatively, the word may be a corruption of the Latin etymon for thumb, pollex.


1occupationpolisher, person who smoothens or burnishes stone
( 1331 )  John Colyn, polysshere (who is paid for cleaning up marble)  71
( MS: s.xiv1/3 )  de ceo si versez al bek de voustre oysel de une quilere nent plus le lé de voustre pouz (var. pollichier (A)MS: s.xiv1/3; pucir (C)MS: s.xiiiex)  115.43 (var.)
polir#1  poliser 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.