oterre (s.xiii)

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oterre (s.xiii)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: *5,476a lutra; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: ; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  otter n.1; MED:  oter n.; DMLBS: 1665a lutra ]
hoter,  hotere;  huttre;  oter,  otir,  otre,  otur,  outur; 
pl. oteris  

While the initial l- may be the result of a possible deglutinated definite article (i.e. loterre* became l’oterre), whereby the etymon of the word is Classical Latin lutra, the OED suggests a separate etymology that derives from the Indo-European water n., related to Greek ὕδρα (‘water-snake'), Sanskrit udra (‘aquatic animal’), with cognates in Middle Dutch, Middle Low German, Old Icelandic, Danish etc. (see OED otter n.1). FEW 5,477a, lutra, confirms the relationship with Greek ὕδρα, and explains the initial l- of the Latin etymon through association with lutum (‘mud, dirt’, cf. DMLBS lutum 2 1665c). Romance languages generally keep the l-, and hence the Anglo-Norman synonyms loirre1 and loutre2.


1mammalszool.otter, semi-aquatic fish-eating mammal that lives in rivers (and is hunted for its fur)
( MS: s.xiii )  bevere: huttre, hotere  ii 110.63
( 1402 )  Et qe vadlet ne use nulle furre, forsqe d'angnelle, gupille, conyng et oterre  iii 506
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  fibro: (D) lotre, otre(var. bevere, lutre (C)MS: xiii2)  ii 67.63
(TBD)  lutricii: loutres; lutres, otur; lutris, oteris [...]  ii 130.26
loirre#1  loutre#2  oterene 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.