ostra (1271-72)

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ostra (1271-72)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 3,302 exostra; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: ; DMF:  exostre; TLF: ; OED:  exoster n.; MED:  exostre n.; DMLBS: ]

The word is a truncated borrowing of the Latin word exostra. Exostra, itself a borrowing from Greek ἐξωστρα (from the verb ὠθειν: ‘to thrust’), is not listed in the DMLBS, but see Lewis and Short, exostra (p. 691a).


1mil.weaponsbridge, used to besiege a fortified wall
( 1271-72; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Il i ad un autre engin ke il apelent ostra (Latin: exostra) : c'est a dire pont ke sodeinement avale de la tour e merveilousement. Car quant le un chef leve en haut par le peis e l'autre descent a terre par tel peis, si le un chet, le autre adresce. E le un chef si est bien covert des tables e de claies, issi ke poit de gent armez i porront estre; e quant l'autre chef se dresce e leve en haut, si ad plus de nombre des armez  138.8
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.