engresser1 (s.xii1)

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engresser1 (s.xii1)

[ FEW: *2/ii,1277 crassus; Gdf: 3,177a engraissier; GdfC: 9,467b engraissier; TL: 3,261 encraissier; DEAF: ; DMF:  engraisser; TLF:  engraisser; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: 1371a ingrassare ]
engrescier,  engreser,  engresir;  engraiser,  engraisser,  engrasser,  engrassier;  encraisser,  encraissier,  encreisser,  encresser,  encressir;  encrasser,  encrasir;  gresser  


1to fatten, make fat
( s.xii1; MS: s.xiim )  Engraissiez est li amez e recalcitrat, engraissiez, esaimez, ensampliz (Latin: Incrassatus est dilectus et recalcitravit, incrassatus, impinguatus, dilatatus)  274.22
( MS: 1120-40 )  N'en (=food that he has not eaten) fait musgode pur sun cors engraisser  254
( s.xiv1; MS: s.xivm )  dormer […] aprés manger engresse le corps  11.84
to make thick
( MS: s.xiiiex )  crasso: engreser  ii 161
to swell out, distend
( MS: s.xiiiex )  distendet: engresit  i 40
2to amplify
( 1376-77 )  (ecclesiastical judges may proceed on a writ) si la matire ne se chaunge ou soit enlargiz ou engrassee  ii 373
3to anoint
( s.xii1; MS: c.1145 )  Tu encraissas en olie mun chef  54.22.7
( s.xii1; MS: s.xiim )  oile de amertume nen engraist (Latin: non impinguet) mun chief  250.CXL.5


1 to be fattened
( 1291-92 )  out chacé .xv. pors [...] al Boys de Ercalowe pur encressir  18
2to grow fat
( MS: s.xiii3/4 )  A megre homme ou a femme esclendre Por engrassier devés entendre [...]  163.458
( s.xiiiex; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  Cras veel e sauvage est la char, ke ensauvagist si tost com ele par eise encrasist  229.3
(of foods) to be fattening
( MS: s.xiv1/4 )  Cestes choses engresisent e moistisent  353
3fig.to grow rich, prosper
( s.xii1; MS: c.1145 )  Encraisserunt les bealtez del desert (Latin: Pinguescent speciosa deserti)  78.64.13
( s.xivin; MS: s.xivm )  (clerks) ci tost com comencent a gresser (var. engrescier (B)MS: c.1330) par richesse, ne serront trovez a meison  138


( MS: c.1250 )  hic et hec altilis et altile et plr. hec altilia: oiseaus engressis  i 425.427
( c.1174; MS: s.xiiiin )  (The monks on finding Becket’s corpse) ne l’unt pas trové farsi ne encraissié  5779
fig.puffed up
( s.xiv1; MS: c.1361 )  le quer de ceste people est encrassee  (A) 375d
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.