descomfire (s.xii1/3)

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descomfire (s.xii1/3)

[ FEW: 2/ii,1032b conficere; Gdf: 2,562a desconfir /2,562a desconfire 2; GdfC: ; TL: 2,1517 desconfire; DEAF: ; DMF:  déconfire; TLF:  déconfire; OED:  discomfit v.; MED:  discomfien v.; DMLBS: 680a disconficere ]
descumfire;  desconfire,  descounfire,  descunfire;  deconfire,  decunfire;  discomfire,  disconfire  

v.a.

1mil.to defeat
( s.xii2; MS: s.xiiex )  Sil descumfistrent e cil de Syrie acuillirent a fuie  163
( c.1275; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Nostre host sera deconfist Si a ceo jur les crestiens Se assemblent a ces faus paens  4696
( c.1334; MS: s.xivm )  par vive reson le descomfist en desputeison  333.10
( a.1382 )  les assaillerent et descomfirent et graunt noumbre d’eaux occirent  25.28
2to discomfit, upset
( s.xiiim; MS: c.1300 )  Trop penser de ceste matire Porreit le quor tost descomfire (var. descounfire)  60
3to break, smash
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  [...] L’escu e l’aubert li fet tuit desconfire  3096
( 1213; MS: 1213 )  Sanz ço qu’il ne desconfisist De l’arche tote la clavure  26rb
to destroy
( c.1174; MS: s.xiiiin )  que nuls n’en puisse rire U par alcune rien s’uvraine descumfire  8
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  cil l’i vet mut agueitant [...] Ke sa joie peust desdire E sa emprise descunfire  486
( c.1240; MS: c.1300 )  Il ensembla tut sun empire Pur crestienté tut descunfire  232.24
to ruin
( s.xii2; MS: s.xiiex )  Si famine vient en la terre [...] e pestilence descunfise e destruie les blez [...]  131

v.refl.

1to disintegrate
( s.xiiim; MS: c.1300 )  Le corps meismes se descomfit, Car en le cervel un crapoude nest  478

p.p._as_a.

1beaten, defeated
( 1174-75; MS: c.1200 )  Descunfit sunt mes enemis!  203
( c.1230?; MS: s.xiiim )  Mais ne demure que un petit Que ne se tiengent a descunfit  936
lawdisproved, defeated
( 1381 )  combien qe le provour ou appellour soit descunfiit  iii 119
2discomfited
( s.xii1/3; MS: s.xiiiex )  ki jaspe verte avrat [...] ja desconfiz (l. desconfés?) ne murrad  266.23
3ruined
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xiii2 )  Par ço fu Adam descunfit [...] Par orguil [...], Par avarice de haltesce  85ra24

sbst._inf.?

1mil.discomfiture, defeat
( 1332; MS: s.xivex )  toutz les mescreantz [...] f[urent] si esbatez et esperduz qe se mistrent a s’escomfire (l. a descomfire?)  342
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
descomfire