berfrai (s.xii3/4)

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berfrai (s.xii3/4)

[ FEW: 15/i,94b bërcvrit; Gdf: 1,624c berfroi; GdfC: 8,316b berfroi; TL: 1,925 berfroi; DEAF:  berfroi; DMF:  beffroi; TLF:  beffroi; OED:  belfry n.; MED:  belfrei n.; DMLBS: 194a berefredum ]
berfrei,  bervfreie,  berfreit,  berfroi;  befrei;  berefrai,  berefrei;  beffroi,  beffroit,  berfroit;  belfrai,  belfrei, 
pl. beferez,  befuers,  beffroes  33  


1mil.archit.defensive fortification
( c.1316 )  abatirent les dites mesones [...] et emporterent le merin pur faire berfrays et bretages en defense de la dite vile  114
(TBD)  antemuralia: barbekanes, barbekans, berfrays, barbecans, barbekans  ii 135
tower scaffold, platform
( MS: s.xiv )  phala: berfreye  ii 62
( MS: s.xiii )  vinea: berfroi  ii 118
2mil.weaponssiege catapult (on platform)
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Ja n’avera dart tret ne gavelok lancez Ne perere levez ne berfrey drescez  6324
( MS: s.xiii )  phalarice: (A) berfrai(var. de befreis (C)MS: xiiiex; berefrey (D)MS: xiii/xiv; beferez (L)MS: xiiiex; berefreys (O)MS: xii/xiii; berfrés (T)MS: xii/xiii)  ii 43
( c.1316 )  l’assailerent [...] par berfrays et autres engines  114
(TBD)  fustibula befreys vel foundeles, berfrays, fundis  ii 135
mil.weaponsbattering ram (on platform)
( MS: s.xiii )  arietes: engins, berefrés  ii 93.69
( MS: s.xiii2 )  arietes: (C) berefreyz, gallice berfreyz(var. berfreyis (D)MS: xiii/xiv; befuers (L)MS: xiii/xiv)  ii 71
( 1373-74 )  Primes, pur soner none en le belfray de Seint Poul [...]  160
( 1381-83 )  En primes, pur le sonour del grant sonel de Seint Poul et pur autres custages del berfray – viij s. ij d.  198
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.